Be careful when
unpacking. Turn the large red knob to 6 o'clock position - see
the little arrow! This prevents accidental damage to the needle on
top of the generator tube when unpacking - leave the knob there
To install the mantle, undo two screws on the
handle. Remove the top and pull out the burner assembly. Lantern
comes with three 350-candlepower mantles from factory; we
recommend 500 candlepower mantles since they burn brighter. Be
careful when stringing the mantle around the porcelain nozzle, cut
the ends of string when done. Now make sure everything is hand
tight on the burner assembly. If you have loose fittings the light
is not going to be bright and it may not burn properly! Now
reassemble the lantern. You might want to leave the top off until
the mantle is lit.
Put some clean kerosene in the tank - swish it
around and dump the fuel out. You can use this fuel later if you
pour it through a clean cloth or paper first to get rid of any
particles. Also check that the rubber seal inside the "pressure
gauge/fuel cap" is ok. You have a spare in the package. [It is a
good idea to clean the tank once a year. And always use
a filter funnel when pouring fuel into the tank!]
Lighting your Lantern should be done outside.
Fill the tank 3/4 full with clean 1-K Kerosene
- you must leave some space for air! 1liter/quart bottle works
well. Close the fuel cap hand tight. Now turn the red knob to 12
o'clock position (Closed).
Close the pressure relief valve - the
little screw on the fuel cap.
Turn wheel so that the arrow faces upwards,
close filling cap/gauge. After about 10-15 full pumps you
should have enough air to light the lantern. The needle in the
pressure gauge usually does not move until more air is pumped in.
If the pump does not work correctly, unscrew cap of pump barrel,
remove pump piston, grease and spread leather washer. Assemble
pump pistol again. Maximum light output is attained if the
pressure is pumped up to the red line on the gauge.
Spirit cup: fill the bottle with brass
nozzle with isopropyl alcohol (Methyl Hydrate). Inside the lantern
you see a brass cup with a pipe sticking up - fill it up all the
way. There is a round hole on the bottom part of the lantern,
which is bigger than others to give you access with butterfly
stamp on top of it. Light the fuel in the cup and let it burn
until it is almost gone. You can now turn the red knob to 6
o'clock position (Open) and watch the mantle getting brighter. If
the mantle is new see note below. You can now fully pressurize the
lantern up to red mark or until it gets hard to pump, meaning
there is enough pressure.
To turn the lantern off, release the
pressure in the tank by opening the screw on the fuel cap, you
will hear hissing sound as the light dims. You will also smell
kerosene. When no pressure turn the red knob to 12 o'clock
position (Closed). Leave the pressure screw open if lantern not in
use. This will prevent any pressure build-up in the tank.
Regulating the light intensity: The light
intensity can only be regulated by rising or decreasing the
pressure. Never use hand wheel for this operation.
Insufficient pressure: In case of
insufficient atmospheric pressure or too slow turning of wheel
when lit, the flame may draw back into the mixing tube which can
be observed by a loud gurgling roaring and low intensity of light.
In this case, the wheel should be turned fast from left to right
several times until the lantern burns normally. Otherwise the
lantern should be extinguished completely and relit immediately.
Air pressure in the tank must be increased.
Cleaning the nipple: In case the light
intensity decreases despite sufficient pressure and sufficient
filling, clean the nipple by turning the hand wheel fast up and
Tight fit of nozzle and nipple: In case a
flame appears around the mantle and the mixing tube starts
glowing, extinguish the lantern immediately by turning the hand
wheel upwards. Cool down vaporizer upper part. Screw nipple tight
with spanner (included) or replace it.
Warning: Insufficient Preheating: The
recommended preheating time is 90 seconds. In case of
insufficient preheating time, the kerosene will not be gasified
and this results in flames on the upper part of the lantern.
Remember to be always calm! Turn the hand wheel upwards and open
the valve of the filling cap/gauge to decrease pressure. Wait
until kerosene is burnt out completely and start the preheating
process again. Rubbing alcohol is only 70%. Isopropyl alcohol of
91% to 99% (from a pharmacy) burns much hotter and the preheating
High Temperature: While putting the lantern
into operation, it develops high heat. Cool it down for at least
10 minutes before doing service or repairs.
After Operation: After operation the
nipple, nozzle, as well as all other screws should to be checked
and tightened if necessary. Cool down lantern first!
Replacing the gas mantle: Remove hood and
inner casing as described above. Clear away all sediments of the
old mantle. Fix mantle as described above.
Burning down a new gas mantle. The optimal
stability of the mantle is reached by burning it down with a
lighter or a match. When the mantel is new it is going to burn and
turn black, eventually turning white and hang there like a wet
sock. Do not worry! It is all part of the process! Once the
pressure enters mantel, after opening the red knob, the mantel
will inflate like a balloon. It is now fairly fragile and you
should not touch it with anything.
Replacing the leather washer: Remove pump
piston. Unscrew pump piston nut and remove old leather washer.
Grease and spread new washer for optimal function.
Replacing the nipple and needle: Loosen
screws on frame. Remove hood, inner casing and glass chimney. Set
inner casing on glass chimney to protect the porous mantle. Hold
ring of vaporizer with one hand and unscrew nipple with spanner.
Remove needle with needle key. Replace nipple and needle and
Replacing the pump valve: Drain the
container. Remove pump piston. Unscrew valve with long
screwdriver. Tip lantern sidewards and let valve fall out. If
necessary, remove valve washer from pump base. Assemble new valve
with washer and screw it tight.
DO NOT STORE FUEL IN THE LANTERN FOR LONG
PERIODS OF TIME.